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Florescence assessment of sunflower genotypes against drought stress environment

Muhammad Umar and Zamin Shaheed Siddiqui

Florescence assessments of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) genotypes in field under drought stress environment were studied. Climate change and low precipitation represents the main constraints in sunflower production in Pakistan. In present investigation two sunflower genotypes, viz S.28111 and SF0049 were selected to study their photosynthetic performance through non-destructive technique in field. Three treatments were applied to impose drought in plants i.e. irrigation after 6 days (D1), irrigation after 8 days (D2) and irrigation after 16 days (D3) with control irrigation after 4 days. Results revealed that drought stresses altered the electron transport rate through PSII (Fm/Fo), photochemical quenching (qP), efficiency of photosystem II (ΦPSII), linear electron transport rate (rETR), non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), size and number of active reaction centre of photosynthetic apparatus (Fv/Fo), driving forces (DFABS and DFCS) and performance indexes (PIABS and PICS) parameters that depends on the efficiency and yield of energy transfer and primary photochemistry. However, S.28111 maintained substantial quantum yield and enhanced photosynthetic performance under drought stress environment compared to SF0049. It is suggested that the assessment of photochemistry of PSII offers a practical and sensitive field screening regarding test for drought stress tolerance in sunflower. Results are discussed in relation to photosynthetic performance and florescence responses of sunflower genotypes in the drought stress environment

To Cite this article: Umar, M. and Z.S. Siddiqui. 2020. Florescence assessment of sunflower genotypes against drought stress environment. Pak. J. Bot., 52(4): DOI:

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