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Pak. J. Bot., 44: 1-6, Special Issue May 2012.

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  Updated: 06-07-12

 

 

STRATEGIES FOR CONSERVATION OF ENDANGERED ECOSYSTEMS

 

MUHAMMAD ASHRAF1*, MUMTAZ HUSSAIN1, MUHAMMAD SAJID AQEEL AHMAD1, F. AL-QURAINY2 AND MANSOOR HAMEED1

 

Abstract: The planet Earth is known to host a rich biodiversity owing to its suitable environmental conditions for life and at a larger scale it is regarded as a major ecosystem. Healthy existence of living organisms in this ecosystem depends on proper functioning of all the associated environmental factors. Since millennia, living organisms have adapted to thrive under a limited range of environmental conditions. Nevertheless previous history of the earth and fossil records indicates that the biodiversity housed by the planet earth has experienced five major catastrophic extinctions due to change in physical environment. Even currently, it is undergoing sixth major extinction event mainly due to anthropogenic activities. The human activities are proving a dual menace for biodiversity. On the one hand, it is causing habitat loss through intensive deforestation, conversion of different natural plant communities for agriculture, and urbanization and industrialization. Moreover, it is resulting in habitat degradation by polluting both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, emitting air pollutants resulting in acid rains, ozone layer depletion, global warming, heavy metal contamination and eutrophication of water bodies. As a result, healthy existence of both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and their associated biodiversity is altogether threatened. Worldwide efforts are underway to conserve the threatened ecosystems and their related biodiversity. A number of international conventions have been held to conserve natural ecosystems. Pakistan being a signatory of these conventions has its obligation to join hands with international community to conserve the endangered ecosystems within as well as outside its bounds. Under the existing scenario the objective of organizing this symposium was to pinpoint the threats to endangered ecosystems of the world in general and those in Pakistan in particular, and to develop suitable strategies for conservation of such paralyzed ecosystems.

 


1Department of Botany, University of Agriculture Faisalabad

2Department of Botany and Microbiology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding authorís e-mail: ashrafbot@yahoo.com


   
   

 

   
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